The most important PHE concept’s practical outcome: Hydrogen in the nature is far more abundant – 4%wt of the Earth mass – than 0.9%wt allowed for by the commonly accepted views. Moreover, hydrogen keeps degassing from the deeper geospheres – the core and the mantle – through the entire history of the planet development.

Natural hydrogen degassing manifestations are known for several centuries, if not for millennia – check out the Chimaera Mountain in Turkey. 

A so-called eternal flame flickers between rocks at Turkey’s Olympos Beydağları National Park. Courtesy The New York Times, 1 May 2019, via Getty Images.

The subject of natural hydrogen prominence is complicated by a number of concepts debated by the scientific community. However, the researchers are unanimous in the opinion that natural hydrogen is a very promising source of energy, and its potential in the global economy balances is extremely encouraging. 

According to the PHE Concept, hydrogen flow from the deep geospheres evolves with time: adjacent streams merge, resulting in more “packed” jets shaped like “chimneys”:

Hydrogen streams evolution in the metal-sphere with time (cross-section). From V. N. Larin. Our Earth, 2005

If found at the depths accessible by conventional drilling, these “chimneys” may become the long-term source of affordable hydrogen.

Therefore, carbon net-zero, economically viable “fuel of the future” can be extracted from the Earth utilizing technologies readily available today, thanks to the Oil & Gas industry developments.